The Major River Basins of Africa

There are sixty-three transboundary river basins in Africa, covering 64 percent of the continent’s land area. Kongo is the largest river basin of Africa, covering over 12 percent of the continent.

African river basins
African river basins
Basin NameArea of Basin (km2)River Length (km)Country/CountriesRegion
Congo3,699,1004,667Congo Democratic Rep.. Central African Angola, Congo Rep. Zambia, Tanzania, Cameroon, Burundi, Rwanda, Gabon, MalawiCentral Africa
Gambia River69,8001,100Gambia, Guinea, SenegalWest Africa
Incomaputo77,400810Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland Southern Africa
Juba-Shibelli 803,600 1,658Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia Eastern Africa
Komati River44,800480Mozambique, South Africa SwazilandSouthern Africa
Kunene110,0001,050Angola, Namibia SouthWestern Africa
Lake Chad2,388,7001,400Chad, Niger, Central African Republic, Nigeria, Algeria, Sudan, Cameroon, Chad, Libya Central AfricaWest and
Lake Victoria180,950Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, UgandaEast Africa
Limpopo414,8001,750Botswana, Mozambique, South Africa, Zimbabwe,Southern Africa
Niger2,113,3504,200Nigeria, Mali, Niger, Algeria, Guinea, Cameroon, Burkina Faso, Benin, Chad, Sierra LeoneWest and Central Africa
Nile Basin3,038,1006,700Sudan, Ethiopia, Egypt, Uganda, Tanzania, Kenya, Congo Democratic Rep., Rwanda, Burundi, EritreaEast and North Africa
Okavango725,0001,100Angola, Botswana, Namibia, ZimbabweSouthern Africa
Orange850,0002,300Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, South AfricaSouthern Africa
Ruvuma151,700800Malawi, Mozambique,Central Africa
Senegal490,0001,800Guinea, Mali, Mauritania, SenegalWest Africa
Volta414,0001,610Benin, Burkina Faso, C6te d’Ivoire, Ghana, Mail, TogoWest Africa
Zambezi1,400,0002,650Angola, Botswana, Congo Democratic Rep., Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Tanzania, Zambia, ZimbabweCentral and Southern Africa
Awash155,300Ethiopia, Gjibouti, SomaliaNorth Eastern Africa
Etosha-Cuveral167,600Namibia, AngolaSouth Western Africa
Lake Turkana207,600Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, SudanEast Africa
Ogoose223,400850Gabon, Congo Republic, Cameroon, Equatorial GuineaCentral Africa
Sabi116,100680Zimbabwe, Mozambique,Southern Africa
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