Israel is a parliamentary democracy. A member of parliament approved by a parliamentary preponderance becomes the prime minister – usually, this is the head of the biggest party. The prime minister is the head of government and head of the cabinet of ministers. The president of Israel is head of the nation, with limited and mostly ceremonial functions.
Most Israeli prime ministers were born outside the country. The Russian Empire is the birthplace of seven prime ministers of Israel.
Prime ministers of Israel
- David Ben-Gurion (1886–1973) was born in Płońsk (Poland, Russian Empire)
- Moshe Sharett (1894–1965) was born in Kherson in the Russian Empire. Today, this city is located in Ukraine.
- Levi Eshkol (Shkolnik) (1963–1967) was born in Oratov (Russian Empire).
- Yigal Allon (1918–1980) was born in Kfar Tavor (Northen Israel).
- Golda Meir (1898–1978) was born in Kiev (Russian Empire). Now it’s Ukraine.
- Yitzhak Rabin (1922–1995) was born in Jerusalem (Mandatory Palestine)
- Menachem Begin (1913–1992) was born Brest-Litovsk in the Russian Empire. Today this city is located in Belarus.
- Yitzhak Shamir (1915–2012) was born in the small town Ruzhany of the Russian Empire (now Belarus).
- Shimon Peres (1923–2016) was born in Wiszniew (Poland, Russian Empire). Now it is the agro town Vishnyeva in Belarus.
- Benjamin Netanyahu (1949–) was born in Tel Aviv (Israel).
- Ehud Barak (1942–) was born on Kibbutz Mishmar HaSharon (Mandatory Palestine).
- Ariel Sharon (1928–2014) was born in Kfar Malal (Mandatory Palestine).
- Ehud Olmert (1945–) wax born in Binyamina-Giv’at Ada (Mandatory Palestine).