Gender Inequality Index

Gender Inequality Index measures equality between men and women. It is composed of indicators on reproductive health (maternal mortality, adolescent fertility rate, and women’s access to health care), empowerment (women’s secondary school attendance, higher education achievement levels, and parliamentary seats), and labor market (women’s share in the labor force).

The Gender Inequality Index generally ranges from 0 to 1. A value 0 means maximum equality, and 1 means maximum inequality.

On the map below, red color indicates more gender inequality and green more equality.

Top 20 highest-ranked countries in terms of gender equality (2019)

  1. Switzerland – 0.025
  2. Norway – 0.038
  3. Finland – 0.039
  4. Netherlands – 0.043
  5. Denmark – 0.043
  6. Sweden – 0.045
  7. Belgium – 0.045
  8. South Korea – 0.047
  9. France – 0.049
  10. Iceland – 0.058
  11. Slovenia – 0.063
  12. Taiwan – 0.064
  13. Luxembourg – 0.065
  14. Singapore – 0.065
  15. Austria – 0.069
  16. Italy – 0.069
  17. Spain – 0.070
  18. Japan – 0.075
  19. Portugal – 0.079
  20. Canada – 0.080
  21. Germany – 0.084

Top 20 lowest-ranked countries in terms of gender equality (2019)

  1. Yemen – 0.795
  2. Papua New Guinea – 0.725
  3. Chad – 0.710
  4. Central African Republic – 0.680
  5. Mali – 0.671
  6. Afghanistan – 0.655
  7. Liberia – 0.650
  8. Sierra Leone – 0.644
  9. Niger – 0.642
  10. Côte d’Ivoire – 0.638
  11. Haiti – 0.636
  12. Mauritania – 0.634
  13. Democratic Republic of the Congo – 0.617
  14. Benin – 0.612
  15. Gambia – 0.612
  16. Burkina Faso – 0.594
  17. Iraq – 0.577
  18. Togo – 0.573
  19. Republic of the Congo – 0.570
  20. Eswatini – 0.567

In general, in recent years, there has been a downward trend in the index.

According to Global Gender Gap Report, if this trend continues, it will about 136 years to close the gender gap worldwide (in politics 146 and 268 in economics).


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