Differences between the US and EU mapped

The United States and the European Union are the two most developed country/supranational organization. But the US and the EU are not only partners but also competitors, especially in the worldwide marketplace.

Even though average Americans and Europeans have very similar lives, the US and EU have many differences:

  • The US is 50 states under one country, but the EU is a union among countries.
  • The United States (9,826,630 km2 / 3,794,080 sq mi) is larger than the European Union (4,233,262 km2 / 1,634,472 sq mi).
  • The US has a population of 328 million people, while the European Union has 447 million people (2020).
  • Economically, the United States in 2020 has a GDP (PPP) of 21,440 trillion dollars ($67,426 per capita), while the EU has a GDP of 20,366 trillion dollars ($45,541 per capita).

Moreover, in Europe, crime is much lower; the average life is longer; schools are free or have low costs, health care is universal. Most European countries have highly developed social organization, and quality of life is higher (when measured in words such as hours worked per week and income distribution).

Below is an atlas of maps that illustrate the differences between these two political and economic superpowers.

US-Europe size comparison
Comparing the latitude of America and Europe

The map below shows American and European cities’ comparative latitudes by changing them on the opposing continent.

Many European cities have warmer climates than comparable cities in America at the same latitude is the Gulf Stream. You can compare the climate of cities here.

Map of comparing the latitude of America and Europe
The U.S. vs Europe sunshine duration in hours per year

Sunshine duration in the United States is much higher than in Europe.

Map of the U.S. vs Europe sunshine duration in hours per year
Human Development Index of the US and Europe

The Human Development Index is a statistic compound index of life expectancy, education, and per capita income indicators. The Human Development Index in states of eastern Europe is considerably lower than in most US states.

Map of Human Development Index of US and Europe
Population age structure

In the maps below, each region’s population age composition is uniquely color-coded. Colors show direction and magnitude of deviation from the center point, which represents the average age composition. The hue component of color encodes the direction of deviation: towards yellow – more elderly population (65+); cyan – more people of working ages (15-64); magenta – more kids (<15).

In 2020 the median age of the resident population of the US – 38.4, in Europe – 43.1. The map of the evolution of the age structure of the United States you can find here.

Ilya Kashnitsky
Percentage of Population “Absolutely Certain” God Exists

The residents of the United States are much more religious than the inhabitants of Europe.

Reddit user: Cartographer42
A comparison of homicide rates in the US and Europe

The homicide rate in most US states is higher than in Europe.

Map of comparison of homicide rates in the US and Europe
COVID deaths

The map below depicts COVID death per million in the U.S. States and European nations (October, 2020).

COVID death per million in the United States and Europe
Age Restrictions

This map show age restrictions in the United States and Europe (Driving, Voting, Drinking, Smoking). In the US, the purchase of tobacco and alcohol, unlike in Europe, is allowed only from 21.

Map of the U.S. vs Europe Age Restrictions
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