All Airports Around the World Mapped

Airports are conveniences to park and support aircraft and a control tower. An airport consists of a landing area, which contains an aerially open space including at least one operationally active surface such as a runway for a plane or a helipad, and often includes adjoining service structures. Larger airports have airport aprons, air traffic control centers, eateries, and lounges.

An airport only serving helicopters is called a heliport. An airport for use by seaplane aircraft is named a seaplane base. Such a base comprises a stretch of open water and seaplane docks.

The map below shows almost 65 thousand existing airports.

Map of all aiports

Here is the map of airports by type.

Airports by Type
Map of airports by type

Small airports account for more than half of all airports in the world (36,307). The total number of heliports in the world is 15,267. The number of medium and large airports is 4,513 and 653, respectively. In addition, there are 1,064 seaplane bases and 37 balloon ports worldwide.

College Park Airport, established in 1909 In Maryland (U.S.) by Wilbur Wright, is acknowledged as the world’s oldest continuously functioning airfield, although it operates only in general aviation traffic.

Hamburg Airport, which opened in January 1911, is the oldest commercial international airport worldwide, which is still in operation.

Atlanta International Airport was the world’s busiest airport by passenger traffic from 1998 to 2019 by serving about 110 million travelers every year, dropping its title in 2020 due to the effect of the coronavirus pandemic and being exceeded by Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport as a result.

Top 10 world’s busiest airports in 2020 by the total number of passengers
  1. Guangzhou, China (CAN) – 43,767,558
  2. Atlanta, United States (ATL) – 42,918,685
  3. Chengdu, China (CTU) – 40,741,509
  4. Dallas/Fort Worth, Untied States (DFW) – 39,364, 990
  5. Shenzhen, China (SZX) – 37,916,054
  6. Beijing, China (PEK) – 34,513,827
  7. Denver CO, United States (DEN) – 33,741,129
  8. Kunming, China (KMG) – 32,990,805
  9. Shanghai, China (SHA) – 31,165,641
  10. Xi’an, China (XIY) – 31,073,924
Airports by Altitude

For making a map of airports by altitude was used WorldClim elevation data.

The highest altitude airport is in India, at an altitude of 6.7 kilometers (4.2 miles). The highest heliport Siachen Glacier AFS is also in India, at 7.2 kilometers (4.5 miles). The airport with the lowest altitude is Bar Yehuda Airfield in Israel (-378 meters / -1240 feet).

Map of airports by altitude
Airports with the highest altitude
TypeAltitude, mNameCountryAirport Code
Heliport6705Siachen Glacier AFS AirportIndiaIN-0001
Small Airport5068Daulat Beg Oldi Advanced Landing GroundIndiaIN-0003
Medium Airport4367Daocheng Yading AirportChinaZUDC
Large Airport3282Alejandro Velasco Astete International AirportPeruSPZO
Seaplane Base1992Yellowstone Seaplane BaseUnited StatesUS-1087
Balloonport1713Palisades FieldUnited States59ID
Airports with the lowest altitude
TypeAltitude, mNameCountryAirport Code
Medium Airport-378Bar Yehuda AirfieldIsraelLLMZ
Small Airport-66Furnace Creek AirportUnited StatesKL06
Heliport-37Riverside County Sheriff Thermal HeliportUnited StatesUS-1151
Seaplane Base-19Acushnet River Seaplane BaseUnited States6MA8
Large Airport-7Heydar Aliyev International AirportAzerbaijanUBBB
Balloonport2Cudjoe Key South TARS SiteUnited StatesUS-2457
Airports by Average Temperature

According to Worldclim data, Jack F. Paulus Skiway airport in Antarctica is the coldest airport in the world. The average annual temperature in this airfield is -48.4°С (-55.12°F). On the other hand, Eritrean Assab International is the hottest airport globally, with an average yearly temperature of +30.9°С (+87.62°F).

Map of airports by temperature
Hottest airports by average annual temperature
TypeAverage temperature, °СNameCountryAirport Code
Medium Airport+30.9Assab International AirportEritreaHHSB
Small Airport+30.7Kaédi AirportMauritaniaGQNK
Heliport+30.6Arafat General Hospital HeliportSaudi ArabiaSA-0016
Large Airport+29.7Khartoum International AirportSudanHSSS
Seaplane Base+28.8Niyama Private Islands Seaplane BaseMaldivesMV-0008
Balloonport+25.0Cudjoe Key South TARS SiteUnited StatesUS-2457
Coldest airports by average annual temperature
TypeAverage temperature, °СNameCountryAirport Code
Medium Airport-48.4Jack F. Paulus SkiwayAntarcticaAQ-0005
Small Airport-27.1Summit Ice Landing StripGreenlandGL-0006
Heliport-16.1Station Nord HeliportGreenlandBGNO
Seaplane Base-13.9Cambridge Bay Seaplane BaseCanadaCJD7
Large Airport-5.1Yellowknife International AirportCanadaCYZF
Balloonport+4.3Palisades FieldUnited States59ID
Airports by Wind Speed

Winds by themselves are seldom the cause of accidents, but the winds are one of the principal factors that affect an aircraft’s flight. The map below created using the mean wind speed data at the location for the ten years presented at the Technical University of Denmark website.

Map of airports by wind speed
Windiest airports
TypeWind speed, m/sNameCountryAirport Code
Heliport14.68Berthoud Pass HeliportUnited StatesCD37
Small Airport11.22Mont Llaret Pic d’Aude AirfieldFranceFR-0296
Seaplane Base9.24Minstrel Island Seaplane BaseCanadaCAX7
Medium Airport8.92Matsu Nangan AirportTaiwanRCFG
Large Airport6.81Hato International AirportCuraçao / NetherlandTNCC
Ballonport5.30Lydiard ParkGreat BritainGB-0682
The Most Dangerous Airports in the World

1. Tenzing-Hillary Airport (Nepal) at an altitude of almost 2,900 meters (9,500 ft), with the changeable Himalayan weather.

2. Princess Juliana International Airport (Sint Maarten) has just over 2,286 meters (7,500 ft) in length, which puts it right on the limit for larger jets coming.

​3. Cristiano Ronaldo Madeira International Airport (Portugal) faces severe crosswinds due to its position in the Atlantic Ocean.

4. Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport (Washington DC) needs pilots to make a twisting visual way to bypass high-profile buildings, including The White House and The Pentagon.

5. Paro Airport (Bhutan) with an airstrip squeezed between the peaks of the Himalayas.

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