Separatist movements in Asia mapped

In Asia, like in other parts of our planet, many separatist movements arise due to historical, racial, religious, and cultural differences among certain peoples and the preponderance or ruling class in every nation.

The map below created by Jacob Pius shows the existing separatist movement in Asia.

Map of separatist movements in Asia

Many modern separatist movements in China rise first of all from the country’s ethnic problems. Some of the processes that have produced these ethnic issues include history, nationalism, religion, political and economic and political inequality, and other factors. China has historically had tightness within the Han majority and other ethnic groups, especially in provincial and border areas.

The contemporary Republic of China used the concept of the Chinese nation as the ideology of its propaganda, even though the nation was founded with the support of regionalist warlords. The concept of the Chinese nation started from the Qing Empire’s intellectual efforts to create a nation-state out of factually diverse cultural societies.

The map’s divisions on the map above hire from pre-People Republic of Chine borders, and the country names relate to regional titles that date back millenary.


The Khalistani separatist movements in Punjab were active in the 1980s and early 1990s but are now primarily suppressed within India. In Tripura, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Manipur, Assam, Nagaland, and Arunachal Pradesh, secessionist activities have occurred in North-East India. However, separatism in northeast India has now primarily become inconsiderable due to a lack of regional public support.

Post-Soviet countries

Many post-Soviet states are left sovereign over the entirety of their territory in name only. In actuality, they do not exercise complete control over parts still under the control of separatist factions, especially in the Caucasus and Central Asian countries. Separatism in Russia itself, like in India, nowadays insignificant due to a lack of local public support.

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