The Civil Rights Act of 1964 is a milestone in civil rights and labor law in the U.S. that bans discrimination based on race, color, national origin, faith, and sex. It forbids the unequal use of voter registration necessities and racial discrimination in schools, work, and public services.
Using this 1949 map, you can see how various civil rights law was crosswise the U.S. before the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
A civil rights map of America (1949)
The U.S. States without lines or polka dots on the Mid-Atlantic, southern New England, Midwest, and West Coast had laws prohibiting discrimination. Lined U.S. states in the South and Southwest supported or allowed segregation. The U.S. States in northern New England and Mountain West had no regulations in place.
Numbers show the passage of laws governing discrimination in particular aspects of public life, either approving or condemning the practice (depending on the state’s status).
Initially, powers given to implement The Civil Rights Act were weak of 1964, but these were improved through later years. Congress affirmed its authority to legislate under some parts of the U.S. Constitution, its responsibility to guarantee all residents equal protection of the legislation under the Fourteenth Amendment, and its commitment to protecting voting rights under the Fifteenth Amendment.
President John F. Kennedy had proposed the legislation in June 1963, but it was rejected by opposition in the Senate.
After Kennedy was killed on November 22, 1963, President Lyndon B. Johnson pushed The Civil Rights Act forward. TU.S. House of Representatives passed the bill on February 10, 1964, and after a 54-day delay, passed the U.S. Senate on June 19, 1964.
The last vote was 290–130 in the House of Representatives and 73–27 in the Senate. Next, the House allowed the following Senate amendment.
US House vote on the civil rights act of 1964
The Civil Rights Act was signed into legislation by President Johnson at the White House on July 2, 1964.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 outlawed discrimination in public places and made employment differentiation prohibited. This document was the most all-embracing civil rights law since the Reconstruction era after the American Civil War.